Candia is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. As of 2017 the population was 3,928. The town includes the villages of Candia, Candia Four Corners and East Candia.

Town of Candia New Hampshire website


Settled in 1743, Candia was once part of Chester and known as "Charmingfare", probably because of the many bridle paths or "parades" through the pleasant scenery. Charmingfare was incorporated in 1763 and named "Candia" by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, possibly after the old name under Venetian domination of the principal city of Crete, which he had visited after graduation from Harvard. Another account holds, "The town received its present name in compliment to Governor Benning Wentworth, who was once a prisoner on the island of Candia, in the Mediterranean Sea.

Candia was served by the Portsmouth & Concord Railroad, which stretched between its namesake cities. In 1862 the segment between Candia and Suncook was abandoned, coinciding with the opening of a new segment between Manchester and Candia. Therefore, the new line ran from Manchester to Portsmouth via Candia. In 1895 ownership of the line passed to the Boston & Maine Railroad who made it their Portsmouth Branch. Passenger service ended in 1954. The last trains passed through Candia in the early 1980s. The track was abandoned in 1982 and removed between 1983 and 1985. Today the railbed is part of the Rockingham Recreational Trail.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.6 square miles. Notable villages in the town include Candia proper, near the town's northern border; Candia Four Corners, closer to the geographic center of the town; and East Candia, near the town's eastern border.

Candia is drained by the North Branch River, a tributary of the Lamprey River. The town lies almost fully within the Piscataqua River watershed except for the western and southern edges, which are in the Merrimack River watershed. The highest point in town is Hall Mountain, at 941 feet above sea level, located in Bear Brook State Park in the northwestern part of the town. The main entrance to the state park and most of its facilities are in neighboring Allenstown.

Candia is bisected by two state highways, Route 43 running north from Route 101 through the Candia Four Corners to the Deerfield town line, and Route 27, running east/west from the Hooksett town line through the Candia Four Corners to the Raymond town line. Route 101 is the major east/west thoroughfare through southern New Hampshire and travels through the south part of Candia.


Candia, NH

candia New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Candia Board of Selectmen
Board of Selectmen
74 High Street
Candia, NH 03034
Telephone (603) 483-8101
Fax (603) 483-0252
Web Site

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Friday, 8 am - 3 pm

County Rockingham
Labor Market Area Manchester, NH Metropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Merrimack Valley
Planning Commission Southern NH
Regional Development Regional Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts  
US Congress District 1
Executive Council District 4
State Senate District 16
State Representative Rockingham County Districts 2, 32

Incorporated: 1763
Origin: First settled in 1748 as part of Chester, the town was originally called Charmingfare, probably because of its many parades, which are bridle paths winding through pleasant scenery. It was separated from Chester and named Candia in 1763 by Governor Benning Wentworth, possibly in memory of his sea travels as a Portsmouth trader following his graduation from Harvard in 1715. Candia was the name of the principal city of Crete, the largest of the Greek islands. Candia was the birthplace of poet, journalist, and publisher Sam Walter Foss.
Villages and Place Names: Bean Island, Candia Four Corners, East Candia, Candia Station
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 1,040 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Candia totaled 2,438 over 57 years, from 1,490 in 1960 to 3,928 in 2017. The largest decennial percent change was a 50 percent increase between 1970 and 1980; the smallest, a ten percent increase between 1990 and 2000. The 2017 Census estimate for Candia was 3,928 residents, which ranked 97th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2017 (US Census Bureau): 129.5 persons per square mile of land area. Candia contains 30.3 square miles of land area and 0.2 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2018 $2,727,486
Budget: School Appropriations, 2018-2019 $8,965,512
Zoning Ordinance 1960/10
Master Plan 2016
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions  
Elected: Selectmen; Planning; Budget
Appointed: Conservation; Zoning; Heritage
Public Library Smyth Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Elliot Hospital, Manchester 10 miles 258
Catholic Medical Center, Manchester 12 miles 258

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy; NH Electric Coop
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash Pickup Private
Pay-As-You-Throw Program No
Recycling Program Mandatory
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:
Business unknown
Residential Yes

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration)Property Taxes
2017 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $22.11
2017 Equalization Ratio 82.3
2017 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $17.94
2017 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings 92.5%
Commercial Land and Buildings 6.7%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other 2.1%

(ACS 2013-2017)Housing
Total Housing Units 1,568
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 1,460
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 21
Five or More Units in Structure 0
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 87
(US Census Bureau)Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2017 3,928 306,363
2010 3,909 295,223
2000 3,939 278,748
1990 3,575 246,744
1980 2,989 190,345
1970 1,997 138,951
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2013-2017
Population by Gender
Male:   2,062   Female:   1,870
Population by Age Group
Under age 5   127
Age 5 to 19   621
Age 20 to 34   541
Age 35 to 54   1,014
Age 55 to 64   1,053
Age 65 and over   576
Median Age   50.4 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher   91.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher   34.4%

(ACS 2013-2017)Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $43,962
Median family income $98,056
Median household income $95,195
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $90,096
Female $45,290
Individuals below the poverty level 6.3%

(NHES - ELMI)Labor Force
Annual Average 2007 2017
Civilian Labor Force 2,631 2,436
Employed 2,549 2,384
Unemployed 82 52
Unemployment Rate 3.1% 2.1%

(NHES - ELMI)Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2007 2017
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment $317 $243
Average Weekly Wage $962 $1,255
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment $404 $455
Average Weekly Wage $696 $718
Total Private Industry
Average Employment $721 $698
Average Weekly Wage $813 $905
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment $114 $105
Average Weekly Wage $690 $838
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment $835 $802
Average Weekly Wage $796 $896

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education)Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Candia operates grades K-8; grades 9-12 are tuitioned to Manchester SAU 15
Career Technology Center(s): Manchester School of Technology; Pinkerton Academy Center for CTE; Salem HS Career & Technical Ed Ctr Region: 15; 17
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1     1
Grade Levels K 1-8     9-12
Total Enrollment 297     34
2017 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 3 Total Capacity: 143
Nearest Community/Technical College: Manchester
Nearest Colleges or Universities: UNH-Manchester; St. Anselm; Southern NH University

Largest BusinessesProduct/ServiceEmployeesEstablished
High Speed Technologies Service, calibration, electric motors 30 1995
Action Equipment Light & heavy equipment rental 25 1992
Severino Construction Construction 10 1978
CoPart's On-Line auto auction    
Swain Plumbing & Heating Plumbing, heating 10 1985
Precision Auto Body Auto body repair    
Candia Springs Adventure Park Water park, adventure course, ziplines    

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall)Transportation
Road Access US Routes  
  State Routes 27, 43, 101
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-93, Exit 7
  Distance 8 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Manchester-Boston Regional Runway 9,250 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 15 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 12 miles
Portland, ME 89 miles
Boston, MA 59 miles
New York City, NY 258 miles
Montreal, Quebec 266 miles

(ACS 2013-2017)Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over  
Drove alone, car/truck/van 81.6%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 5.3%
Public transportation 1.6%
Walked 0.4%
Other Means 0.9%
Worked at home 10.2%
Mean Travel Time to Work 37.9 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2013-2017)
Working in community of residence 16.4%
Commuting to another NH community 70.0%
Commuting out-of-state 13.6%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
  Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
  Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
  Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
  Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
  Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
  Bowling Facilities
X Museums
  Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
  Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
  Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
  Cross Country Skiing
  Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
  Overnight or Day Camps
  Nearest Ski Area(s): McIntyre
  Other: Charmingfare Farm; Abe Emerson Wildlife Sanctuary

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, August 2019. Community Response Received 8/13/18

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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