Greenland New Hampshire Community Profile

 Greenland new hampshire community profile
Greenland, NH
Community Contact Greenland Board of Selectmen
Patricia Ferrelli, Town Clerk
575 Portsmouth Avenue, PO Box 100
Greenland, NH 03840

Telephone (603) 431-7111
Fax (603) 430-3761
E-mail pferrelli@greenland-nh.com
Web Site www.greenland-nh.com

Municipal Office Hours Monday, 12 noon - 8 pm, and Tuesday through Friday, 9 am - 4:30 pm

County Rockingham
Labor Market Area Portsmouth NH-ME Metro-NECTA, NH Portion
Tourism Region Seacoast
Planning Commission Rockingham
Regional Development Coastal Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress
District 1
Executive Council
District 3
State Senate
District 24
State Representative
Rockingham County District 17
Incorporated: 1721

Origin: One of the earliest settlements in the state, Greenland was a parish of Portsmouth originating in 1638. It was probably named for Henry Greenland, a town officer. About 1704, residents requested having a minister and schoolmaster of their own, and to be exempted from supporting the church and school in Portsmouth. Greenland became a separate parish in 1705. In that same period, Leonard Weeks constructed a substantial brick house, thought to be the oldest brick house in New Hampshire still standing. In 1721, Greenland was granted full town privileges, giving the leadership power to collect province taxes from residents.

Villages and Place Names: Bayside, Breakfast Hill, Camp Gundalow, Greenland Station

Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 634 residents in 1790

Population Trends: Population change for Greenland totaled 2,508 over 50 years, from 719 in 1950 to 3,227 in 2000. The largest decennial percent change was 66 percent between 1950 and 1960, followed by a 49 percent increase over the next decade. The 2005 Census estimate for Greenland was 3,382 residents, which ranked 103rd among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.

Population Density, 2005: 320.9 persons per square mile of land area. Greenland contains 10.5 square miles of land area and 2.8 square miles of inland water area.

MUNICIPAL SERVICES
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 1997 $4,154,886
Budget: School Appropriations not available
Zoning Ordinance 1952/05
Master Plan 2005
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board

Boards and Commissions
Elected:
Selectmen; Planning; Budget; Library; Cemetery; Trust Funds; Zoning
Appointed:
Conservation

Public Library Weeks Public

EMERGENCY SERVICES
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Volunteer
Town Fire Insurance Rating 6/9
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer

Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Portsmouth Regional, Portsmouth 4 miles 209
Exeter Hospital, Exeter 8 miles 100

UTILITIES
Electric Supplier PSNH; Exeter & Hampton
Natural Gas Supplier Northern Utilities
Water Supplier Private wells

Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash Pickup
None
Pay-As-You-Throw Program
No
Recycling
Voluntary

Telephone Company Verizon
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:  
Business
Yes
Residential
Yes

PROPERTY TAXES (NH Dept. of Revenue Adminstration) 
2005 Total Tax Rate (per $1000 of value) $16.68
2005 Equalization Ratio 78.8
2005 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1000 of value) $13.17

2005 Percent of Property Valuation by Type
Residential Land and Buildings
80.8%
Commercial Land and Buildings
15.9%
Other Property including Utilities
3.2%

HOUSING (NH Office of Energy and Planning) 
2005 Total Housing Units 1,350
   
2005 Single-Family Units 1,039
Building Permits Issued
7
2005 Multi-Family Units 305
Building Permits Issued
8
2005 Manufactured Housing Units 6
   
DEMOGRAPHICS (US Census Bureau) 
Total Population Community County
2005 3,382 295,076
2000 3,227 278,748
1990 2,708 246,744
1980 2,129 190,345
1970 1,784 138,951

Census 2000 Demographics
Population by Gender
Male
1,538
Female
1,670

Population by Age Group
Under age 5
222
Age 5 to 19
679
Age 20 to 34
480
Age 35 to 54
1,146
Age 55 to 64
358
Age 65 and over
323
Median Age
38.1 years

Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher
93.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher
36.8%

ANNUAL INCOME, 1999 (US Census Bureau) 
Per capita income $31,270
Median 4-person family income $67,188
Median household income $62,172

Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male
$44,592
Female
$31,815

Families below the poverty level 3.6%

LABOR FORCE (NHES - ELMI) 
Annual Average 1995 2005
Civilian Labor Force
1,779 2,062
Employed
1,724 1,999
Unemployed
55 63
Unemployment Rate
3.1% 3.1%

EMPLOYMENT & WAGES (NHES - ELMI) 
Annual Average Covered Employment 1995 2005
Goods Producing Industries  
Average Employment
414 587
Average Weekly Wage
$486 $981
   
Service Providing Industries  
Average Employment
606 1,251
Average Weekly Wage
$461 $731
   
Total Private Industry  
Average Employment
1,020 1,838
Average Weekly Wage
$471 $811
   
Government (Federal, State, and Local)  
Average Employment
68 123
Average Weekly Wage
$465 $616
   
Total, Private plus Government  
Average Employment
1,088 1,961
Average Weekly Wage
$471 $799
n = indicates that the data does not meet disclosure standards
EDUCATION/CHILD CARE FACILITIES (NH Dept. of Education)
Schools students attend: Greenland operates grades K-8; grades 9-12 are tuitioned to Portsmouth District: SAU 50
Career Technology Center(s): Portsmouth High School Region: 19

Educational Facilities Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools
1
Grade Levels
K 1-8
Total Enrollment
386
NH Licensed Child Care Facilities, 2006: Total Facilities: 3 Total Capacity: 87
Nearest Community/Technical College: Stratham
Nearest Colleges or Universities: University of NH; McIntosh
LARGEST EMPLOYERS PRODUCT/SERVICE EMPLOYEES ESTABLISHED
Anson Sailmakers Sails 5 1980
High Flying Flag Company Flags, banners 5 1981
Novel Iron Works Structural steel fabrication 1977
NE Homes Prefabricated homes
Nike Warehouse
Micro Art Graphic design
TRANSPORTATION  (Distance estimated from city / town hall)
Road Access US Routes
  State Routes 33, 151
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-95, Exit 3
         Distance 2 miles
Railroad Maine Central
Public Transportation No

Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Pease International
Runway
11,321 ft. asphalt/concrete
Lighted?
Yes  Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Pease International Distance 5 miles
Number of Passsenger Airlines Serving Airport 2

Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH
37 miles
Portland, ME
56 miles
Boston, MA
56 miles
New York City, NY
267 miles
Montreal, Quebec
292 miles

COMMUTING TO WORK (US Census)
Workers 16 years and over  
Drove alone, car/truck/van
88.4%
Carpooled, car/truck/van
3.5%
Public transportation
1.5%
Walked
0.0%
Other Means
0.4%
Worked at home
6.2%
Mean Travel Time to Work 21.5 minutes

Percent of Working Residents:
Working in community of residence
19%
Commuting to another NH community
71%
Commuting out-of-state
10%
   
RECREATION, ATTRACTIONS, AND EVENTS
Municipal Parks
YMCA/YWCA
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Faclity
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Museums
Cinemas
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
Boating/Marinas
Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
   
Nearest Ski Area(s): Gunstock
   
Other: Sandy Point Discovery Center
Copyright 2006 Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security. All Rights Reserved. Updated 06/21/06

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.