Canaan New Hampshire Community Profile

Canaan New Hampshire Community Profile
Canaan, NH
Community Contact Town of Canaan
Board of Selectmen
PO Box 38
Canaan, NH 03741

Telephone (603) 523-4501
Fax (603) 523-4526
E-mail administration@townofcanaannh.us
Web Site www.townofcanaannh.us

Municipal Office Hours Monday, Wednesday, Friday, 8 am - 4 pm, Tuesday and Thursday, 8 am - 1 pm, and Saturday 8 am - 12 noon

County Grafton
Labor Market Area Lebanon NH-VT Micro-NECTA, NH Portion
Tourism Region Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee
Planning Commission Upper Valley/Lake Sunapee
Regional Development Grafton County Economic Development Council

Election Districts
US Congress
District 2
Executive Council
District 1
State Senate
District 2
State Representative
Grafton County District 10
Incorporated: 1761

Origin: First chartered in 1761, the town probably took its name from the hometown of early settlers from Canaan, Connecticut. Not all the grantees became permanent settlers, and a new charter was issued in 1769. According to the Canaan Historical Society, the first train passed through in November 1847 with Daniel Webster on board, and the railroad operations sparked rapid business growth in Canaan Village. In September 1907, Canaan was the site of a tragic train accident, the collision of a passenger train and a freight, resulting in 25 dead and an equal number injured.

Villages and Place Names: Canaan Center, Canaan Street, West Canaan

Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 504 residents in 1790

Population Trends: Population change for Canaan totaled 1,855 over 50 years, from 1,465 in 1950 to 3,320 in 2000. The largest decennial percent change was a 28 percent increase, which occurred between 1960 and 1970, and also between 1970 and 1980. The 2006 Census estimate for Canaan was 3,528 residents, which ranked 102nd among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.

Population Density, 2006: 66.2 persons per square mile of land area. Canaan contains 53.3 square miles of land area and 1.8 square miles of inland water area.

MUNICIPAL SERVICES
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2007 $3,387,415
Budget: School Appropriations not available
Zoning Ordinance No Board
Master Plan 2006
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board

Boards and Commissions
Elected:
Selectmen; Planning; Budget; Library; Road Agent; Police Chief
Appointed:
Conservation

Public Library Canaan Town

EMERGENCY SERVICES
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Volunteer
Town Fire Insurance Rating 6/9
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer

Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Med Ctr, Lebanon 17 miles 396
Alice Peck Day Memorial, Lebanon 15 miles 32

UTILITIES
Electric Supplier NH Electric Coop; National Grid
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Canaan Water Dept.

Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash Pickup
None
Pay-As-You-Throw Program
No
Recycling
Voluntary

Telephone Company Verizon
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:  
Business
Limited
Residential
Limited

PROPERTY TAXES (NH Dept. of Revenue Adminstration) 
2006 Total Tax Rate (per $1000 of value) $18.89
2006 Equalization Ratio 100
2006 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1000 of value) $17.88

2006 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings
85.9%
Commercial Land and Buildings
11.6%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other
2.5%

HOUSING (NH Office of Energy and Planning) 
2006 Total Housing Units 1,780
   
2006 Single-Family Units 1,337
Single-Family Permits Issued, Net Change of Units
33
2006 Multi-Family Units 173
Multi-Family Permits Issued, Net Change of Units
4
2006 Manufactured Housing Units 270
   
DEMOGRAPHICS (US Census Bureau) 
Total Population Community County
2006 3,528 85,336
2000 3,320 81,826
1990 3,048 74,998
1980 2,456 65,806
1970 1,923 54,914

Census 2000 Demographics
Population by Gender
Male
1,626
Female
1,693

Population by Age Group
Under age 5
203
Age 5 to 19
761
Age 20 to 34
533
Age 35 to 54
1,170
Age 55 to 64
330
Age 65 and over
322
Median Age
37.7 years

Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher
84.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher
21.9%

ANNUAL INCOME, 1999 (US Census Bureau) 
Per capita income $20,515
Median 4-person family income $46,339
Median household income $43,220

Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male
$32,946
Female
$25,000

Families below the poverty level 2.9%

LABOR FORCE (NHES - ELMI) 
Annual Average 1996 2006
Civilian Labor Force
1,766 2,090
Employed
1,737 2,038
Unemployed
29 52
Unemployment Rate
1.6% 2.5%

EMPLOYMENT & WAGES (NHES - ELMI) 
Annual Average Covered Employment 1996 2006
Goods Producing Industries  
Average Employment
135 121
Average Weekly Wage
$453 $820
   
Service Providing Industries  
Average Employment
215 258
Average Weekly Wage
$348 $602
   
Total Private Industry  
Average Employment
350 379
Average Weekly Wage
$389 $672
   
Government (Federal, State, and Local)  
Average Employment
229 346
Average Weekly Wage
$422 $463
   
Total, Private plus Government  
Average Employment
579 724
Average Weekly Wage
$402 $572
n = indicates that the data does not meet disclosure standards

EDUCATION/CHILD CARE FACILITIES (NH Dept. of Education)
Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of Mascoma Valley Regional (Canaan, Dorchester, Enfield, Grafton, Orange) District: SAU 62
Career Technology Center(s): Hartford Career and Technical Center, White River Junction VT Region: 07

Educational Facilities Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools
1 1 1 1
Grade Levels
P K 1-4 5-8 9-12 6-9
Total Enrollment
308 473 457 167
NH Licensed Child Care Facilities, 2007: Total Facilities: 7 Total Capacity: 117
Nearest Community/Technical College: Claremont
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Dartmouth; Colby-Sawyer; Lebanon

LARGEST BUSINESSES PRODUCT/SERVICE EMPLOYEES ESTABLISHED
Cardigan School Private school 50
Barker Steel Steel fabrication 40 1999
CLE Race track 25
Mitchell Paddles, Inc. Canoe paddles 5 1980
Finn Casperson, Inc. Forestry

TRANSPORTATION  (Distance estimated from city / town hall)
Road Access US Routes 4
  State Routes 118
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-89, Exit 17
         Distance 10 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation Yes

Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Lebanon Municipal
Runway
5,496 ft. asphalt
Lighted?
Yes  Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Lebanon Municipal Distance 18 miles
Number of Passsenger Airlines Serving Airport 1

Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH
80 miles
Portland, ME
136 miles
Boston, MA
130 miles
New York City, NY
281 miles
Montreal, Quebec
202 miles

COMMUTING TO WORK (US Census)
Workers 16 years and over  
Drove alone, car/truck/van
79.8%
Carpooled, car/truck/van
10.9%
Public transportation
1.0%
Walked
2.0%
Other Means
0.5%
Worked at home
5.9%
Mean Travel Time to Work 28.2 minutes

Percent of Working Residents:
Working in community of residence
20%
Commuting to another NH community
71%
Commuting out-of-state
9%
   
RECREATION, ATTRACTIONS, AND EVENTS
X Municipal Parks
YMCA/YWCA
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Faclity
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
Cinemas
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
   
Nearest Ski Area(s): Dartmouth Skiway
   
Other:

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, 2007. Community Response Received 08/09/07

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